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Singular and plural nouns

  1. Nouns

A noun is a person, an animal, a place, or a thing.

Examples: a dog, a town, a phone, a cat, an orange, an egg, and a beach.

In writing, names of people, places, days, months, etc. begin with a capital letter. 

Examples: Friday, Mr. Joe, Paris, and June.

  1. Singular and plural nouns

Most nouns can be singular or plural.

 Examples:  a cat - two cars - an apple- five apples- melon - three melons- an egg- some eggs

For the plural form of most nouns, add -s.

Examples:  bottle- bottles, pen- pens, Window- windows, coin - coins.

For nouns that end in s, ss, ch, and x sounds (and potato, tomato), we add -es at the end of the word.

Examples:  box - boxes, moss mosses, bus - buses, potato-potatoes.

For nouns that end with fe, change f to v and add -es.

Examples:  wolf- wolves, wife - wives, leaf leaves, life-lives

For nouns that end in consonant (b. c d etc+y(ay ey oy), change y to į and add -es and-s.

 Examples:  day - days, baby - babies, toy toys, family families.

The plural form of a few nouns is different, we call these irregular nouns.

Examples:  man- men, woman- women, fish- fish, tooth - teeth, foot-feet, deer child- children, mouse - mice.

  1. Noun + verb 

We use different verb forms with singular and plural nouns.


Our teacher is British.

Those students are Moroccan.

The bus leaves at 8.30.

The buses leave from the town center.

Some nouns are always plural.

Examples: shorts, scissors, glasses, jeans, clothes, and trousers.


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